Грамматические упражнения по past perfect

Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense

Упражнения на отработку Past Perfect – прекрасная возможность закрепить правила употребления этого непростого времени. Кстати, правила Past Perfect также доступны на сайте. А мы займемся упражнениями. Past Perfect упражнения предлагаются с ответами, поэтому вы сможете без труда убедится в своих успехах или, если нужно, еще раз обратится к статье по теории The Past Perfect Tense. В некоторых упражнениях возможны различные варианты ответов, поэтому для них я буду давать примерные варианты.

Упражнения разбиты на 2 уровня: уровень A несколько проще, уровень B– немного сложнее.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня A.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences using the Past Perfect tense of the verbs below. (Дополните предложения, используя форму Past Perfect глаголов, приведенных ниже.)

to learn the poem

— I went to bed after I had learnt the poem.

to have dinner, to do homework, to come , to read the book, to clean the room, to go shopping, to return from Australia, to finish work

  1. I went to see my friend after.
  2. I watched TV after.
  3. They went home after.
  4. He phoned me after.
  5. She went to dance after.
  6. We wrote a composition after.
  7. They rebuilt the house after.
  8. We went for a walk after.

Упражнение 2. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в Past Perfect.)

  1. I . (to have) breakfast before I went to school.
  2. He went to meet his friends after he . (to do) his homework.
  3. By 8 o’clock the rain . (to stop).
  4. Alice was late because she . (to miss) the bus.
  5. She went to the post-office after she . (to write) the letter.
  6. He . (to work) at the factory before he entered the college.
  7. He got a bad mark for his test because he . (to make) a lot of mistakes in it.
  8. I went to bed after I . (to finish) reading the book.
  9. The child . (to fall) asleep before the parents came home.
  10. They . (to marry) before they bought this house.

Упражнение 3 . Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. (Используйте Past Perfect предложенных глаголов, чтобы дополнить предложения.)

to leave, to go, to die, to see, to live, to fly

  1. I didn’t read the text in class because I … my book at home.
  2. The children didn’t want to go to the cinema because they . already . the film.
  3. Kate wasn’t at home last week because she . to visit her uncle.
  4. Linda never knew her father because he . before she was born.
  5. I was excited when the plane took off because I. never . before.
  6. My grandfather was always afraid of animals because he . never . in the country.

Упражнение 4. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в PastPerfect.)

1. Jill was afraid she _____ (forget) her key at home, but she found it in her handbag.

2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He _____ (go) out twenty minutes before.

3. I wasn’t hungry because I_____ (just/have) breakfast.

4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody _____ (leave) it the day before.

5. I apologized I _____ (not/phone) her.

6. He told me that he _____ (come back) a fortnight before.

7. I knew him at once though I _____ (meet) him many years before.

8. We spent the night in Klin, a town we _____ (often/hear of) but_____ (never/see).

9. They couldn’t believe he _____ (give up) his job in the bank. He _____ (make) a good living there.

10. Mr. Jackson said that he _____ ( already/buy) everything for lunch.

11. Alice asked her brother where he _____ (arrange) to meet his friends.

12. We had no car at that time because we _____ (sell) our old one.

13. They _____ (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня B.

Упражнение 5. Say what action was done before. Combine the two sentences into one. (Oпределите, какое действие произошло раньше. Объедините два предложения в одно, не меняя части местами. Используйте BEFORE )

I sent a telegram. Then I met my friend.

— I had sent a telegram before I met my friend.

  1. The rain stopped. I went for a walk.
  2. I did my homework. My mother returned home.
  3. We met in the street. We went to the park.
  4. They packed their things. Then they started.
  5. I had dinner. I switched on the TV set.
  6. He returned home. The guests left.
  7. We came to the cinema. The film began.
  8. I read the book. I saw the play. .
  9. They lived here. They moved to another place.
  10. We played а game of tennis. We went to my place
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Упражнение 6. Connect each pair of sentences with the conjunctions before, as soon as, after. (Объедините два предложения в одно, используя before, as soon as, after.)

They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.

— They had lived in the country before they moved to the city.

  1. He had finished school. He went to a camp.
  2. She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
  3. I read the book. I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university. He had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
  8. I had finished the text. I handed in my exercise-book.

Упражнение 7. Complete the sentences using Past Perfect. (Дополните предложения, используя Past Perfect ).

I watched a new film after…

I went for a walk after.

I fell asleep after.

I began to read a book after.

I helped my mother about the house after.

Ответы:

Упражнение 1. Примерные ответы:

  1. I went to see my friend after I had done my homework.
  2. I watched TV after I had come.
  3. They went home after they had finished work.
  4. He phoned me after he had cleaned the room.
  5. She went to dance after she had had dinner
  6. We wrote a composition after he had read the book.
  7. They rebuilt the house after they had come from Australia.
  8. We went for a walk after he had gone shopping.

Упражнение 2.

1 had had, 2 had done, 3 had stopped, 4 had missed, 5 had written, 6 had worked, 7 had made, 8 had finished, 9 had fallen, 10 had married

Упражнение 3.

1 had left, 2 had already seen. 3 had gone, 4 had died, 5 had never flown, 6 had never lived

Упражнение 4.

1 had forgotten, 2 had gone, 3 had just had, 4 had left, 5 had not phoned, 6 had come back, 7 had met, 8 had often heard/ had never seen, 9 had given up/ had made, 10 had already bought, 11 had arranged, 12 had sold, 13 had finished

Упражнение 5. Примерные ответы:

  1. The rain had stopped before I went for a walk.
  2. I had done my homework before my mother returned home.
  3. We had met in the street before we went to the park.
  4. They had packed their things before they started.
  5. I had had dinner before I switched on the TV set.
  6. Before he returned home the guests had left.
  7. Before we came to the cinema the film had begun.
  8. I had read the book before I saw the play. .
  9. They had lived here before they moved to another place.
  10. We had played а game of tennis before we went to my place

Упражнение 6. Примерные ответы:

  1. After he had finished school, he went to a camp.
  2. As soon as she had phoned her friend, she went to meet her.
  3. I read the book after I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room before I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university after he had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions after he had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy after he had got bad news.
  8. After I had finished the text, I handed in my exercise-book.

Надеюсь, упражнения на Past Perfect пришлись вам по вкусу и оказались по плечу!

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7 Комментариев для «Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense»

В 1 упражнении в 7 предложении в самом упражнении указана фраза to return from Australia, а в ответах указана фраза had come from Australia, почему return поменяли на come?

Ольга, случайно. had returned

Скажите, можно ли в 5 упр. под цифрой 6 : The guests had left before he returned home.

и под цифрой 7: We had come to the cinema before the film began. И если нет, то почему?

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Past perfect упражнения, теория и примеры

Система времен в английском языке требует постоянного повторения и совершенствования навыков. В противном случае, правила без практики быстро забываются и четко структурированная система начинает рушиться, накладывая одну информацию на другую, в результате чего все превращается в запутанный грамматический клубок. Чтобы такого не происходило, надо постоянно практиковать свой английский в разговорах или письменной отработке. Сегодня мы будем совершенствовать язык, выполняя past perfect упражнения. Этот вид времени довольно важен, и его часто можно встретить в речи англичан. Для начала вспомним немного теории.

Конструкция и ситуации употребления

Когда мы рассказываем о прошедших событиях, часто бывает, что одно из них предшествует другому, а не происходит одновременно. Для описания таких ситуаций англичане используют во фразах конструкции с past perfect tense. На русском языке эту категорию называют прошедшее совершенное время, или иногда еще проще – предпрошедшее время. Разберем случаи ее употребления.

Данный вид времени чаще всего встречается в предложениях с двумя действиями, одно из которых произошло раньше наступления другого события, или момента времени в прошлом.

В указанных случаях оба действия были завершены в прошлом, поэтому вторая часть предложения ставилась в Past Simple. Иногда встречаются сочетания завершенного события и действия в прошлом, находившегося в процессе, тогда вторая половина высказывания выражена в Past Continuous.

  • My mother had cooked the dinner and was watching a soap opera on the first TV channel –Мояматьприготовилаужинисмотрелакакую-то «мыльнуюоперу»попервомуканалу.

К слову о продолженных временах, форма паст перфект употребляется вместо Past Perfect Continuous, если сказуемое не может иметь продолженного времени, например, глаголы состояний, обладания, отношения.

  • Theysaidthattheyhadn’tbelievedeachothersincethatday— Они сказали, что с того дня они не доверяли друг другу.
  • Iknewthatmyfatherhadn’tseenhisbrothersformanyyears– Я знал, что мой отец не видел своих братьев много лет.

Прежде, чем решать past perfect упражнения, вспомним, как образуются конструкции этого времени.

+ ?
Подлежащее + had + причастие II + ост. часть предложения

He had done his homework by 5 o’clock and was playing computer games the whole evening.

Он сделал свою домашнюю работу к 5 часам, и играл целый вечер в компьютерные игры. Had + подлежащее + причастие II + ост. часть предложения

Had he done his homework by 5 o’clock…?

Он доделал свою домашнюю работу к 5 часам…? Подлежащее + had + not + причастие II + ост. часть предложения

He hadn’t done his homework by 5 o’clock….

Он не сделал свою домашнюю работу к 5 часам….

Остается добавить, что своеобразным указателем на употребление данного времени являются придаточные союзы «scarcely…when», «no sooner…than», «hardly…when». Будьте внимательны, поскольку с такими конструкциями изменяется порядок слов в предложении, что показано на приведенном ниже примере.

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Упражнения на время Past Perfect — практикуемся и запоминаем

Рубрика: Грамматика

Здравствуйте, мои любимые читатели.

Когда вы уже изучили какую-то тему, то закрепление ее в упражнениях — обязательная часть улучшения уровня вашего языка. Если вы помните, то я всегда твержу, что практика — это основа всего. Поэтому сегодня я хочу дать вам упражнения на закрепление темы Past Perfect, которую мы обсуждали до этого. Вас ждет 5 упражнений, которые помогут запомнить и усовершенствовать эту тему.

Упражнение 1.

  1. I just (to come) home when Mike (to call).
  2. I (to book) the table before we (to go) to the cafe.
  3. Jenny had a terrible pain in her leg. She (to injure) it in a car accident.
  4. John (to leave) the place by the time my mother (to return) from work.
  5. When they (to arrive) the registration for their flight (already/to begin)
  6. They (to be) late because they (to get) the tyre flat.
  7. The team (already/to play) half of the game when we (to arrive) at the stadium.

Упражнение 2.

Mary worked as a doctor. 1. She (to arrive) at the hospital and (to have) to check the patients. At room 6 there was Mrs. Wirt. 2. She (to had) a car accident and (to broke) her arm. 3. Her neighbor — Mrs. Lauren — (to fall) from the stairs and (to injure) her leg. Now she had to spend several weeks here. 4. And Mr. Spank (to get) poisoned with bad food. Mary was a doctor to all these people. 5. She (to take) the decision to become a therapist before she (to turn) 6 years old.

Упражнение 3.

  1. She (to have) a training by the time her friend’s classes (to end).
  2. John (to tell) me that he (to buy) a very interesting book the day before.
  3. Jane (to present) the song she (to write) several months before.
  4. By the time we (to get) to the station, the train (already/ to leave).
  5. Mother (to sent) him to the bathroom as he (not/to wash) his hands before.
  6. I (to spend) 4 years in college before I (to find) a well-paid job.
  7. He (to miss) the start of the film as he (to get) stuck in a traffic jam.

Упражнение 4.

Поставьте глагол в правильную форму.

  1. The teacher (to understand) that Lily (not/to do) her homework.
  2. The children (to put away) all their toys before mother (to arrive).
  3. The rain (already/to end) before we (to set off) for the journey.
  4. The whole family was sitting in the room. Grandmother was telling that my aunt (finally/to finish) decorating the house by June.
  5. She (to eat) all the chocolates before they (to have) a dinner.
  6. Melisa (to tell) that she (to find) a good recipe for the dinner.
  7. By the time I (to wake up) my sister (already/come back) from her morning training.

Упражнение 5.

  1. Я покушала прежде, чем они вернулись домой.
  2. Когда приехала мама, мы уже подготовили подарки.
  3. Мария сказала, что уже купила все подарки.
  4. Когда я пришла домой, то узнала, что кто-то оставил мне письмо.
  5. Когда я пошел на прогулку, дождь уже прекратился.

Ну вот, мои дорогие, на этом этапе мы уже можем быть уверены, что ваши знания подкреплены практикой. На основе своего опыта могу сказать, что время Past Perfect используется крайне редко в разговорной речи, но довольно часто в письменной. Поэтому если у вас и возникнет мысль, что эта тема не нужна для улучшения вашего языка — то вы глубоко ошибаетесь. Используйте ее в академическом письме или при написании других формальных писем. Не забывайте использовать третью форму глаголов в этом времени.

А если вы желаете намного быстрее освоить английский язык, узнать многие особенности и интересные факты об английском языке — подписывайтесь на новости моего блога и давайте учиться вместе!

А пока я прощаюсь.

Увидимся, мои дорогие.

Можете выполнить упражнения и на Past Perfect Continuous

Ответы:

  1. Had come, called.
  2. Had booked, went.
  3. Had injured.
  4. Had left, returned.
  5. Arrived, had already begun.
  6. Were, had got.
  7. Had already played, arrived.
  1. Arrived, had.
  2. Had had, had broken.
  3. Had fallen, had injured.
  4. Had got.
  5. Had taken, turned.
  1. Had had, ended.
  2. Told, had bought.
  3. Presented, had written.
  4. Got, had already left.
  5. Sent, hadn’t washed.
  6. Had spent, found.
  7. Missed, had got.
  1. Understood, hadn’t done.
  2. Had put away, arrived.
  3. Had already ended, set off.
  4. Had finally finished.
  5. Had eaten, had.
  6. Told, had found.
  7. Woke up, had already come back.
  1. I had eaten before they got home.
  2. When mother arrived, we had already prepared the gifts.
  3. Maria said that had already bought all the gifts.
  4. When I got home, I discovered that someone had left me a letter.
  5. When I went for a walk, the rain had already stopped.

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