Gerund or infinitive
Gerunds and infinitives
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Gerund or infinitive exercises
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Gerund and infinitive Exercise 5 find verbs followed by infinitives | gerunds
Gerund or infinitive worksheets PDF
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Gerunds exercises PDF He enjoyed swimming. I can’t stand waiting in queues.
Infinitive exercises PDF He demanded to talk to me. He made her do it. She seems to be crying. He pretended to have been studying.
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English grammar PDF All PDF rules on e-grammar.org.
Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives
In the English language there are verbs followed by infinitives (They agreed to come), other verbs followed by gerunds (Did you enjoy flying?) and there are also verbs followed by both gerunds and infinitives (She began to work — She began working).
1. Examples of verbs followed by infinitive only:
agree, appear, arrange, ask, choose, decide, demand, encourage, fail, forbid, force, hope, instruct, invite, learn, manage, offer, order, permit, persuade, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, remind, seem, swear, warn
He decided to study at university. We hoped to find it. Did he seem to like it? I ordered my son to send it.
2. Expressions and phrasal verbs followed by infinitive:
be about, do one’s best, make up one’s mind, set out, turn out
He was about to start. I did my best to learn it. I haven’t made up my mind to start yet. It turned out to be your car. We set out to cut the tree.
3. Examples of verbs followed by gerund only:
admit, consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish, forgive, imagine, insist, keep, mind, miss, practise, prevent, risk, suggest, understand
She admitted telling him. Did you escape writing the test? I don’t want to risk coming late.
Excuse, forgive and prevent are used with three different forms:
Excuse my being late. Excuse me being late. Excuse me for being late.
4. Expressions and phrasal verbs followed by gerund:
be against, be interested in, can’t stand, can’t help, care for, give up, look forward to, it’s no use/good, it’s worth
I can’t stand waiting for hours. I can’t help laughing. Don’t give up studying this chapter. It’s no use working so late. Is the film worth seeing?
5. Examples of verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives.
A. With the same meaning:
begin, advise, allow, can’t bear, continue, intend, it requires, it needs, it wants, permit, recommend, start
Did you continue driving/to drive? He can’t bear smoking/to smoke.
If the verbs advise, allow, permit, recommend are used with the indirect object, they are followed by infinitive. If not, gerund must be used.
They didn’t allow us to eat there. They didn’t allow eating there.
She recommended John to read this book. She recommended reading this book.
After the expressions it needs/requires/wants gerund is more common than infinitive.
The car needs washing/to be washed. The flower wants watering/to be watered.
B. The verbs that have a different meaning with gerunds and infinitives.
I remember watching the match. It was fantastic.
We use gerund to talk about earlier actions.
I remembered to watch the match. And so I sat down and switched on the TV.
The infinitive is used to talk about following actions.
I tried calling him because I needed to test my new mobile phone. (I made an experiment with my mobile.)
I tried to call him because I needed to meet him. (I made an attempt to get in touch with him.)
In the conditional tense these verbs are used with the infinitive.
I’d like to drive. I’d love to drive. I’d hate to drive. I’d prefer to drive.
In other tenses they are used with gerunds and infinitives, but both forms have a slightly different meaning.
I like driving. I love driving. I hate driving. I prefer driving.
I like to drive. I love to drive. I hate to drive. I prefer to drive.
I like going to the cinema. (I enjoy it.)
I like to go to the dentist twice a year. (I don’t enjoy it, but I go there, because it is good for my health.)
I hate ironing. (It is my least favourite activity. I never enjoy it.)
I hate to iron on Sundays. (I don’t mind ironing, but not on Sundays.)
After dinner he went on showing us his photos.
The gerund is used when we want to say that a previous activity continues.
He gave us a lecture on the Greek history. And then he went on to show us his photos from Greece.
The infinitive is used when we want to describe an activity that follows a previous action and is somehow connected to it.
I stopped smoking. (This means that I do not smoke anymore.)
I stopped to smoke. (I made a pause to have a cigarette.)
I didn’t mean to hurt you. (I say that I didn’t do it on purpose.)
We can go to Spain. But it means spending more money. (In this sentence we describe the consequences.)
She was afraid of getting married. (A marriage is something that frightens her.)
She was afraid to marry Bill. (She doesn’t mind getting married, but the marriage with Bill frightens her.)
I’m sorry for telling you. (I apologize for a previuous action.)
I’m sorry to tell you that your flight will be delayed. (I apologize for something that will happen.)
The infinitive with this expression can also mean sorrow:
I’m sorry to hear that your wife is ill.
Bare infinitive (without to)
We usually use infinitives with to in the English language: I want to go. I told him to come.
The infinitive without to (bare infinitive) is used as follows.
1. After modal verbs — can, may, must, needn’t, dare.
I can bring it. He may take it. You must buy it. We needn’t open it. He dared not tell me.
The verbs dare and need can also be followed by the infinitive with to. In such sentences we use do to make questions and negatives.
I dared not call you. x I didn’t dare to call you.
These two sentences have the same meaning, only the form is different.
You needn’t listen to him. (You don’t have to listen to him.) x You don’t need to listen to him. (There is no need to listen.)
These two sentences are different in the form and meaning, too.
2. After the verbs of senses — feel, hear, see, watch.
We saw you swim. I heard her sing.
It is more common, however, to use —ing form in English after the verbs of senses.
We saw you swimming. I heard her singing.
But: In the passive voice the form is different.
She was seen to cry.
3. After some more expressions — let, make, would rather, had better, help.
Don’t let him go. She made me drive. I’d rather finish it. You’d better start. I helped them carry it.
The verb help can also be followed by the infinitiv with to.
I helped them to carry it.
But with the passive voice we use the following form.
I was made to drive. He was let to go.
Материал для тренировки и контроля усвоения грамматического материала по теме «Infinitive Vs Gerund »
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Материал рассчитан на учащихся 10-11 классов
Infinitive Vs Gerund
1. Выберите из скобок герундий или инфинитив.
- I am planning … (to visit/visiting) my granny next week. (Я планирую навестить бабулю на следующей неделе.)
- When they finish … (to eat/eating) their lunch, they’ll go to the office. (Когда они закончат обедать, они отправятся в офис.)
- He suggested … (to buy/buying) some food. (Он предложил купить немного продуктов.)
- Does Sally enjoy … (to go/going) to the gym? (Сэлли нравится ходить в тренажерный зал?)
- Don’t put off … (to write/writing) a report till the end of the month. (Не откладывай написание доклада до конца месяца.)
- John refused … (to answer/answering) my question. (Джон отказался отвечать на мой вопрос.)
- My brother intends … (to get/getting) married soon. (Мой брат намеревается скоро жениться.)
- I think she didn’t mean … (to hurt/hurting) you. (Думаю, она не хотела обидеть тебя.)
- Keep … (to beat/beating) the eggs. (Продолжай взбивать яйца.)
- Fred can’t afford … (to travel/travelling) this year. (Фред не может себе позволить в этом году путешествовать.)
- We expect … (to leave/leaving) tomorrow. (Мы собираемся уехать завтра.)
- Mary decided … (to fly/flying) to Venice. (Мэри решила полететь в Венецию.)
- The sportsmen hope … (to get/getting) the best results. (Спортсмены надеются добиться лучших результатов.)
- Are you going to give up … (to smoke/smoking)? (Ты собираешься бросать курить?)
- They don’t want … (to have/having) any more children. (Они больше не хотят иметь детей.)
- I don’t mind … (to wash up/washing up). (Я не против того, чтобы помыть посуду.)
- Girls, stop … (to giggle/giggling). (Девочки, перестаньте хихикать.)
- Ben likes … (to play/playing) chess. (Бен любит играть в шахматы.)
- Lara goes … (to dance/dancing) every weekend. (Лара ходит на танцы каждые выходные.)
- Harry can’t stand … (to work/working) on Saturdays. (Гарри не выносит работы по субботам.)
2. Выберите инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.
- We can … (speak/to speak) Spanish. ( Мы умеем говорить по-испански.)
- He often makes me … (feel/to feel) guilty. (Он часто заставляет меня чувствовать виноватой.)
- You have … (be/to be) friendly and polite. (Ты должен быть дружелюбным и вежливым.)
- She must … (stay/to stay). (Она обязана остаться.)
- The lawyer will … (call/to call) you later. (Юрист позвонит вам позже.)
- I’d like … (send/to send) him a present. (Я бы хотела послать ему подарок.)
- You’d better … (move/to move) faster. (Тебе лучше двигаться быстрее.)
- We heard somebody … (enter/to enter) the apartment. (Мы слышали, как кто-то вошел в квартиру.)
- Mother wants … (paint/to paint) the walls in the kitchen. (Мама хочет покрасить стены на кухне.)
- We decided … (sell/to sell) the car. (Мы решили продать машину.)
- He always fails … (keep/to keep) his word. (Он всегда не сдерживает слово.)
- I am trying … (lift/to lift) this heavy stone. (Я пытаюсь поднять этот тяжелый камень.)
- Let me … (give/to give) you some advice. (Позволь мне дать тебе совет.)
- It may … (cost/to cost) too much. (Это может стоить слишком много.)
- She saw him … (cross/to cross) the street. (Она видела, как он переходит улицу.)
3. Составьте предложения, выбрав начало из первого столбца и окончание – из второго.
- She is interested a) drinking alcohol.
- I would like b) to seeing my daughter.
- You should give up c) being ill.
- We really enjoy d) laughing at her.
- I’m looking forward e) to living in a dirty house.
- He is used f) talking to drunk people.
- She pretended g) swimming in the sea.
- Pamela is good h) to have a cup of coffee.
- I couldn’t help i) in surfing the Internet.
- She avoids j) at riding a horse.
- to visit
- to answer
- to get
- to hurt
- to travel
- to leave
- to fly
- to get
- to have
- washing up
1 – i (Ее интересует проведение времени в интернете.)
2 – h (Я бы хотел выпить чашку кофе.)
3 – a (Тебе нужно бросить употреблять алкоголь.)
4 – g (Нам очень нравится плавать в море.)
5 – b (С нетерпением жду встречи с дочкой.)
6 – e (Он привык жить в грязном доме.)
7 – c (Она притворилась больной.)
8 – j (У Памелы есть способности к езде верхом на лошади.)
9 – d (Я не мог не смеяться над ней.)
10 – f (Она избегает разговоров с пьяными.)
Infinitive Vs Gerund
Раскройте скобки, употребив слова в правильной форме. Вставь глагол в нужной форме — инфинитив или герундий.
1) I can’t imagine her (drive) a car.
2) He agreed (buy) his son a new CD player.
3) I enjoy (drive) at night.
4) The man asked me (open) the door.
5) I look forward to (see) you at the weekend.
6) Are you thinking of (visit) New York?
7) We decided (stay) in that beautiful town.
8) The teacher expected Michael (study) hard.
9) He doesn’t mind (work) the night shift.
10) I learned (ride) a bike at the age of 6.
11) The girl go on (read) the book.
1. A: You lent me some money a few months ago.
B: Did I? That’s strange. I don’t remember _________ (lend) you any money.
2. We tried __________ (put) the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade.
3. When you see Tom, remember _____________ (give) him my regards, won’t you?
4. What do you intend ___________ (do) about this problem?
5. Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember ___________ (leave) it by the window and now it has gone.
6. When she saw what had happened, she began ____________ (laugh) loudly.
7. Sue needed some money. She tried ___________ (ask) Gerry but he couldn’t help her.
8. He tried _________________ (reach) the shelf but he wasn’t tall enough.
9. “Did you remember _____________ (phone) Ann?” “Oh no, I completely forgot.”
10. I asked them to quiet but they continued __________ (make) a lot of noise.
Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в форму инфинитива или герундия.
1. I’ll never forget …………………….. (sail) down the Volga on that lovely summer day.
2. I am so sorry; I forgot …………………….. (let) you know.
3. Don’t forget …………………….. (remind) them about the party.
4. I remember …………………….. (see) you somewhere.
5. Did you remember …………………….. (water) the plants today?
6. We regret …………………….. (tell) you that you have failed this exam.
7. He regrets …………………….. (make) that mistake; now he doesn’t have money.
8. After learning Spanish, she went on …………………….. (make) dinner.
9. They went on …………………….. (discuss) this question for hours.
10. I’m sorry …………………….. (interrupt), but can I ask you something?
11. Bob was sorry for …………………….. (shout) at his little sister.
12. He stopped …………………….. (smoke) when he realized how dangerous it was.
13. Amanda stopped …………………….. (have) a quick snack and then continued translating the article.
14. You should try …………………….. (exercise), you may feel better.
15. They tried …………………….. (lift) that tree trunk, but it was too heavy for them.
16. Being a doctor means …………………….. (help) people.
17. I am sorry; I didn’t mean …………………….. (hurt) you.
- I’ll never forget sailing down the Volga on that lovely summer day.
- I am so sorry; I forgot to let you know.
- Don’t forget to remind them about the party.
- I remember seeing you somewhere.
- Did you remember to water the plants today?
- We regret to tell you that you have failed this exam.
- He regrets making that mistake; now he doesn’t have money.
- After learning Spanish, she went on to make dinner.
- They went on discussing this question for hours.
- I’m sorry to interrupt , but can I ask you something?
- Bob was sorry for shouting at his little sister.
- He stopped smoking when he realised how dangerous it was.
- Amanda stopped to have a quick snack and then continued translating the article.
- You should try exercising , you may feel better.
- They tried to lift that tree trunk, but it was too heavy for them.
- Being a doctor means helping people.
- I am sorry; I didn’t mean to hurt you.
1. A: You lent me some money a few months ago.
B:Did I? That’s strange. I don’t remember lending you any money.
2. We tried to put the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade.
3. When you see Tom, remember to give him my regards, won’t you?
4. What do you intend to do/doing about this problem?
5. Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember leaving it by the window and now it has gone.
6. When she saw what had happened, she began to laugh/laughing loudly.
7. Sue needed some money. She tried asking Gerry but he couldn’t help her.
8. He tried to reach the shelf but he wasn’t tall enough.
9. “Did you remember to phone Ann?” “Oh no, I completely forgot.”
10. I asked them to be quiet but they continued to make/making a lot of noise.
Infinitive / V-ing form
1. Put “to” where necessary.
1. I think you ought … apologize.
2. Make him … speak louder.
3. Help me … carry this bag.
4. My son asked me … let him … go to the theatre.
5. I must … go to the country.
6. It cannot … be done to-day.
7. She asked me … read the letter carefully and … write an answer.
8. The man told me not … walk on the grass.
9. Let me … help you with your work.
10. She ought … take care of her health.
11. We had better … stop to rest a little.
12. I don’t know what … do.
13. He was seen … leave the house.
14. We have come … ask whether there is anything we can … do.
15. We heard the siren … sound and saw the ship … move.
16. I cannot … go there now, I have some work … do.
17. During the crossing the passengers felt the ship … toss.
18. You must make him … practice an hour a day.
19. He is not sure that it can … be done, but he is willing … try.
20. I looked for the book everywhere but could not … find it.
21. He said that she might … come in the evening.
22. She was made … repeat the song.
23. Would you rather … learn shorthand than typewriting?
2. Make infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.
1. When I’m tired, I enjoy . television. It’s relaxing. (watch)
2. It was a nice day, so we decided . for a walk. (go)
3. It’s a nice day. Does anyone fancy . for a walk? (go)
4. I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind . (wait)
5. They don’t have much money. They can’t afford . out very often. (go)
6. I wish that dog would stop . It’s driving me mad. (bark)
7. Our neighbour threatened . the police if we didn’t stop the noise. (call)
8. We were hungry, so I suggested . dinner early. (have)
9. Hurry up! I don’t want to risk . the train. (miss)
10. I’m still looking for a job but I hope . something soon. (find)
3. Complete the following sentences with infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs below to make them grammatically correct.
1. He tried to avoid . my question.
2. Could you please stop . so much noise?
3. I enjoy . to music.
4. I considered . for the job but in the end I decided against it.
5. Have you finished . your hair yet?
6. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk . knocked down.
7. Jim is 65 but he isn’t going to retire yet. He wants to carry on .
8. I don’t mind you . the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.
9. Hello! Fancy . you here! What a surprise!
10. I’ve put off . the letter so many times. I really must do it today.
11. What a stupid thing to do! Can you imagine anybody . so stupid?
12. Sarah gave up . to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.
4. Make infinitives (with or without “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.